Mongolia is known to the world as country of “Blue Sky”. It has a continental climate, with long, cold, dry winters and brief, mild, and relatively wet summers. The country is subject to occasional harsh climatic conditions known annual average temperature in Ulaanbaatar is 0°C, making it the world's coldest capital city. Mongolia is high, cold, and windy. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers, during which most of its annual precipitation falls. The country averages 257 cloudless days a year, and it is usually at the center of a region of high atmospheric pressure.
Spring in Mongolia
Spring comes after a severe winter, days become longer, and nights shorter. It is the time for snow to melt and for animals to come out from hibernation. Spring is the prosperous season of the year when everybody is calm and relaxed; grass turns green, anemones grow up and nature is covered with its green dress. Beginning in March spring usually lasts about 60 days although it can be as long as 70 days or as short as 45 days in some areas of the country.
Summer in Mongolia
Summer is the warmest season in Mongolia. Generally, precipitation is higher in summer than any time of the year. Rivers and streams are at their fullest in summer. It is the time when pasture, grass and crops grow and livestock gain weight and fat. It is the most pleasant time with abundant dairy products and there are many feasts and holidays of happy people. In Mongolia, summer lasts about 110 days from the end of May until September. July is the warmest month of summer and it is 59° F (15° С) and 68° F (20° С) in mountainous areas of Khangai region, 68° F (20° С) and 77° F (25° С) in the steppes and the highest temperature is between 90° F (32° С) and 95° F (35° С) in Khangai and 104° F (40° С) and 106° F (41° С) in Gobi. Sometimes it reaches 122° F (50° С) in Gobi.
Autumn in Mongolia
Autumn in Mongolia is the season of transition from the hot and wet summer to the cold and dry winter. There is less rainfall in autumn. Gradually it gets cooler and vegetables and grains are harvested at this time. Pasture and forests become yellow. Flies die and livestock is fat and woolly in preparation for the winter. Autumn is an important season in Mongolia in order to prepare for winter; harvesting the crops, vegetables and fodder; getting ready their cattle barns and sheds; preparing firewood and warming up their homes and so on. Autumn lasts about 60 days from the beginning of September until the early November. In some years, there are many long and sunny days in autumn.
Winter in Mongolia
In Mongolia, winter is the most severe, the coldest and longest season. All rivers, lakes, streams and ponds freeze in winter. It snows throughout the country, but not heavily. After making all the necessary preparations for a long winter, herdsmen stay at their winter camps. Winter starts early in November and lasts about 110 days until March. Sometimes it snows in September and November, but the heavy snow usually occurs at the beginning of November. January is the coldest winter month in Mongolia and the mean temperature is 95°F (-35°С) in Khangai mountain regions, 59° F (-15°С) in Gobi and 68°F (-20°С) and 77°F (-25°С) in the other parts of the country. However, 50° F (-10° С) in Europe means 68° F (-20° С) in Mongolia.